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The Lam Gar Hung Kuen Curriculum also includes a number of weapons forms.  These weapons forms are practised alone.  Practised correctly, these forms can offer tremendous health and self defence benefits to the practitioner.

Staff Forms

Lau Gar Gwan (a.k.a Lau Sui Gwan)(Lau Family Staff or Flowing Water Staff)

The form is one of the four main long staff forms of the Southern Shaolin Monastery.  The others include the Luk Dim Bun Gwan (Six and a half point staff), Ng Lung Ba Gwa Gwan (Fifth Brother Ba Gwa Staff) and the Diu Yu Gwan (Fishermen's staff).  Lau Gar Gwan was absorbed into the Lam Gar Hung Kuen curriculum by Grandmaster Lam Cho. 

This form is a singled headed staff form.  This means that the form predominantly emphasises on the use of one end of the staff for attacking and defending against attacks by an opponent.  The practitioner also uses different grips with the front grip facing upwards and the rear grip facing downwards.  The practitioner also assumes a southpaw position (i.e. right hand and right leg forward) in relation to the execution of techniques for the staff form.

In Lam Family Hung Kuen, the practitioner is taught to execute his/her techniques with the pole being attached to the hip wherever possible to generate maximum power in striking or blocking.  Another point to note is that the rear hand must also be situated behind the hip whilst executing techniques.  Also, the tip of the staff must also be aligned with the practitioner's right shoulder.

The main movements trained in the form include:

  • Got Gwan  - a deflection movement with the Diu Ma used to defend the right leg;
  • Kum Gwan – a movement used to knock the opponent's staff to the ground;
  • Chau Gwan – a deflection movement used to defend the right side of the practitioner's head;
  • But Gwan – a deflection movement used to defend against attacks to the practitioner's legs;
  • Tarn Gwan – this movement is used to attack the upper part of an opponent's body including his or her head;
  • Tiu Gwan – used to attack an opponent's front grip on his or her weapon;
  • Wang Sow – sideward swinging motion – used to attack an opponent's mid section;
  • Biu Gwan – a movement used for spearing the mid-section or upper part of an opponent's body.

With diligent practice, the staff sets a firm foundation for the student to learn the Ng Lung Ba Gwa Gwan and other weapons.  The staff form is also an extremely effective and direct self defence weapon.   The techniques from the form are direct, easy to use and apply.

Hang Che Pang (a.k.a Seung Tao Gwan/Monkey Staff)

Photo 1: GM Lam Chun Sing and GM Lam Chun Chung demonstrating the Seung Tao Gwan Sparring Form

The form was incorporated into Lam Gar Hung Kuen by GM Lam Sai Wing.  The staff form was inspired by the Monkey King character or Sun Yun Hong from the Chinese novel "Journey to the West".

This form is a double headed staff form.  This means that the practitioner uses both ends of the staff for attack and defending against attacks by an opponent.  The practitioner uses the same grip on both hands on the staff.  However, the practitioner would need to move his or her grip up and down the surface of the staff in executing attacking and defensive movements.

Unlike the Monkey staffs practiced in Wu Shu which contain lots of acrobatic movements, the Hung Gar Hang Che Pang concentrates on application.   Hang Che Pang applications are essentially medium to short range attacks.  Attack and defence movements are executed rapidly and continuously.

The main movements trained in the form include:

  • Kum Gwan – sweeping movement from the top to attack an opponent's head or upper body;
  • Wang Sow – sweeping attack to the side to attack an opponent's mid section;
  • Got Gwan  - a deflection movement used to defend the legs;
  • Dow Gwan – an upwards movement with the staff to attack an opponent's chin,  midsection or grip hands;
  • Ngat Gwan – a movement used to knock the opponent's staff to the ground; and
  • Cheung Gwan – a movement used for spearing the opponent.

In Lam Family Hung Kuen, the Hang Che Gwan is practised with a lower stance than other weapons.  When executing Kun Gwan in particular, the movement does not finish until the staff reaches the knees.  This ensures that techniques are executed with maximum power generation. Practised properly, this form offers tremendous benefits to the practitioner in terms of stance stability and transition.  The constant need to change grips up and down the staff also improves the dexterity of the practitioner's hands.

Ng Lung Ba Gwa Gwan (Fifth Brother Eight Symbols Staff)

This staff form is one of the most famous forms in the Hung Gar Curriculum.  The form was created by the fifth brother of the Yeung Family during the Song Dynasty.  The fifth brother was particularly adapt in the techniques of the Yeung Family Spear.  After his family's army was defeated by the Mongols, he fled to Ng Toi Mountain and became a Buddhist monk.  There, he converted his spear techniques into staff techniques and choreographed the Ba Gwa Gwan form.

It is rumoured that GM Wong Fei Hung was particularly proficient in his use of the single ended staff.  When the form was first passed to GM Wong Fei Hung, the form only had 64 movements.  However, when the form was first passed to GM Lam Sai Wing, he added the Luk Dim Bun Gwan into this form.  Therefore, in Lam Gar Hung Kuen Curriculum, the Ng Lung Ba Gwa Gwan has 70 and a half rather than 64 movements.

The principles of using the staff in executing attack and defence techniques are the same for this form as Lau Gar Gwan.

The main movements trained in the form include:

Tai Gik Sung Leung Yi Section (Single Supreme State to Yin and Yang State)

  • Tarn Gwan – These techniques are used to attack an opponent's head or grip hands
  • Huen Gwan (a.k.a Siu Wan Sing – Little Stars) – circling staff movements in both clockwise and anti-clockwise directions.  The movement is executed to attack an opponent's frontal grip hand.
  • Sow Gwan (a.k.a Dai Zhin Wong Kay – Swinging Yellow Flag)  – large swinging movements are executed by the practitioner at head level which are intended to keep multiple opponents away from the practitioner.

Luk Dim Bun Gwan Section (Six and a half point staff)

The Hung Gar Luk Dim Bun Gwan section is executed in a left handed manner (meaning left hand and left leg forward).  The techniques practiced in this section include:

  • Cheung/Biu Gwan (Gap Dai Gwan) – spearing the staff to the opponent's chest or side;
  • Tiu Gwan – deflecting the opponent's staff to the left side of the practitioner;
  • Zhum Gwan – pushing the opponent's staff to the ground;
  • But Gwan – deflecting the opponent's staff to the right side of the practitioner;
  • Kum Gwan – striking the opponent's staff to knock the staff out of the opponent's hands;

Leung Yee Sung Say Jeung Section (Yin and Yang State to the Four phenomena State)

The main movements trained in this section include:

  • But Gwan – a deflection movement used to defend against attacks to the legs;
  • Got Gwan – a movement used to defend against attacks to the right legs;
  • Yeung Cheung – an advance movement where by the practitioner evades an attack from the opponent's staff by positioning the body to the side (Pin Sun) and counterattacks the opponent from the side.
  • Tor Bui Cheung (a.k.a Yum Cheung) – spearing attacking to an opponent's mid section;
  • Dow Gwan/Kum Gwan Combination – teaches the practitioner to use the both ends of the staff for striking the ribs of an opponent followed by two strikes to the head in quick succession.

Say Jueng Sung Ba Gwa Section (Four phenomena State to Eight Symbols State)

  • Ngoi Ba Gwa (External Eight Symbols) – a sideways swinging movement for attacking an opponent's mid-section.
  • Tai Gik Huen (Supreme Circle Staff) – a sideways swinging movement at head level.  The practitioner spins the body in a full circle whilst executing this movement.  This is the reason for the name of this technique to be "Tai Gik Huen".  The swinging movement is intended to add to the momentum of the staff to the Tarn Gwan at the end of the movement.
  • Huen Gwan (a.k.a Dai Wan Sing – Large Stars) – circling staff movements in both clockwise and anti-clockwise directions.  The movement is executed to control the opponent's staff.
  •  But Gwan/Cheung Gwan/Siu Gwan/Biu Gwan Combination – introduces the practitioner to defend and attack movements in four different directions including:
      • But Gwan/Cheung Gwan movement – the practitioner learns to deflect an attack to the legs by way of But Gwan immediately followed by a spearing counterattack to the opponent's head or mid-section;
      • Siu Gwan/Biu Gwan movement - the practitioner learns to deflect a straight staff attack from an opponent immediately followed by a spearing counterattack to the mid-section.
  •  Leung Tin Check (Ruler to measure the Sky)(a.k.a Loi Ba Gwa – Inside Eight Symbols) – a movement which is executed after a spearing attack to retreat from and evade an opponent's counterattack and which immediately followed by a Kun Gwan (swinging downwards movement) to the opponent's head.  The movement is also known as Noi Ba Gwa because the strike is executed on the inside of circle.

 

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